Grammar & Compositions >> Subject and Predicate


Read the following sentence:-
Swimming is a good exercise.
The word swimming is formed from the Verb swim, by adding –ing. It is, therefore, like a Verb.

We also see that swimming here stands for the action of swimming. It is used as the Subject of the Verb is. It, therefore, does the work of a Noun. The word swimming is, therefore, both like a verb and a Noun. In other words, it is a Verb-Noun or Gerund.

A Gerund is a word that is partly a Noun and partly a Verb.

NOTE: A Gerund is a Verbal Noun; a Participle is a Verbal Adjective

Other examples of Gerunds are:-
1. Singing gives me happiness.
2. She likes dancing.
3. Walking is good for health.
4. He likes playing cards.
5. Reading is my hobby.
In sentences 1, 3 and 5, the Gerund is used as the Subject of a Verb.
In sentences 2 and 4, the Gerund is used as the Object of a Verb.

Both the Gerund and the Present Participle end in –ing. Then what is the difference between the two?

1. The Gerund has the force of a Noun and a Verb; it is, therefore, a Verbal Noun.
2. The Present Participle has the force of an Adjective and a verb; it is, therefore, a , Verbal Adjective.

Gerund 1. Skipping is a good exercise.
2. Sita loves singing.
3. He likes reading novels.
4. The boys like playing football.

Present Participle 1. See that girl skipping there.
2. See that child singing.
3. I met a boy reading a novel.
4. I saw the boys playing football in the stadium.



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