How to make notes
- Read the passage thoroughly and carefully
- While reading the passage, underline the key sentences. It will help you in forming the title and sub-titles.
- Make a rough note of the main points and arrange them in a logical sequence.
- Use any format you like but it should depend on the theme of the passage. A little practice will make you adept in note-making.
- They should be short, crisp and to the point.
- They should contain all the important and relevant information.
- Information should be systematically divided and sub-divided.
- Use universally recognized symbols and abbreviations wherever necessary and provide key to the abbreviations.
- The main title should be short. Avoid a long sentence as a title unless it happens to be a common saying or a proverb. It should reflect the spirit of the passage proerly.
- Notes must be written in points only. They should be listed one under the other and numbered properly.
- Avoid the use of a full and complete sentence.
- Do not lift portions of the passage to form notes.
- Do not include irrelevant piece of information in your notes.
Mechanics of Note-Making
Use of Abbreviations
- Capitalized first letter of words: WHO, BBC, UNO,etc.
- Arithmetic symbols: (>, <, kg, % etc.)
- Commonly used: (in newspapers, magazines, etc.) (sc., govt., Eng., Sans.)
- Invented: First and last few letters of the words with a dot at the end (edul., poln., popn., mfg.)
Note: In case a student uses his/her invented contraction, he/she is required to provide key for the same as:
rqd. = required
dprsd. = depressed etc.
Notes/points of students may vary from one another but one should ensure that the main ideas/views are covered.
- Sub Title:_____________
- Make use of words and phrases only. Avoid full length sentences.
- Give appropriate Title. The title may be given at the starting of notes or before summary and should not be more than 1/3 of the passage's length.
SUMMARISING: (80 Words
Students are required to write a paragraph using the main points listed in the notes. Complete sentences are used. They are logically and cohesively linked together with the help of suitable linkers. Do not use abbreviations and symbols.
Q) Read the passage given below carefully and answer the questions that follow:
- 1. The small village of Somnathpur contains an extraordinary temple, built around 1268 A.D. by the Hoyasalas of Karnataka- one of the most prolific temple-builders. Belur and Helebid are among the better-known works. While these suffered during the invasions of the 14th Century, the Somnathpur temple stands more or less intact in near-original condition.
- This small temple captivates with the beauty and vitality of its detailed sculpture, covering almost every inch of the walls, pillars and even ceilings. It has three Shikharas and stands on a star-shaped, raised platform with 24 edges. The outer walls have a profusion of detailed carvings; the entire surface run over by carved plaques of stone. There were vertical panels covered by exquisite figures of God sand Goddesses with many incarnations being depicted. There were nymphs too, some carrying an ear of maize, a symbol of plenty and prosperity. The elaborate ornamentation, very characteristic of Hoyasala sculptures, was a remarkable feature. On closer look-and it is worth it-the series of friezes on the outer walls revealed intricately carved caparisoned (covered decorative cloth) elephants, charging horsemen, stylized flowers, warriors, musicians, crocodiles, and swans.
- The temple was actually commissioned by Soma Dandanayaka or Somnath (he named the village after himself), the minister of the Hoyasala king, Narasimha, the Third. The temple was built to house three versions of Krishna.
- The inner centre of the temple was the kalyana mandapa. Leading from here were three corridors, each ending in a shrine, one for each kind of Krishna-Venugopala, Janardana and Prasanna Keshava, though only two remain in their original form. In the darkness of the sanctum sanctorum, I tried to discern the different images. The temple’s sculptural perfection is amazing and it includes the doors of the temple and the three elegantly carved towers.
- On the basis of your reading of the above passage make notes on it using headings and sub-headings. Use recognizable abbreviations, wherever necessary. Give the passage a suitable title. (5)
- Write a summary of the above passage in about 80 words.
Title: Temple of Somnathpur
- Temple: the beauty and vitality
1.1. Detailed sculpture-covering walls, pillars, ceilings
1.1.1. Series of friezes on outer walls
1.1.2. intricately carved elephants
1.1.3. charging horsemen
1.1.4. stylized flowers
1.1.5 warriors, musicians, crocodiles and swans
1.2. three shikharas- stands *shaped, raised platform- 24 edges
1.3. the outer walls- detailed carvings
1.4. the entire surface- carved plaques of stone
1.5. vertical panels covered by exq. Fig.
- Representation of Hinduism
2.2. many deities
- Temple in History
3.1. comsnd. Soma Dandanayaka or Somnath
3.2. the inner center of the temple- kalyana mandapa
3.3 three corridors ending in a shrine
Key to Abbreviations:
- * = star
- exq= exquisite
- fig= figures
- comsnd.= commissioned
The temple of Somnathpur is extraordinary due to the sculptures on the walls, pillars, and even the ceiling which is covered by exquisite figures of Gods and Goddesses. It is a representation of Hinduism with its many incarnations and deities. The temple commissioned by Somnath has a 'kalyana mandapa' with three corridors ending in a shrine.