Gender Wage Gap Essay

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Topic: The Gender Wage Gap

Abstract

The gender wage gap topic has always been an issue produced by many men and women throughout the decades, many people to this day argue the existence of the wage gap. This is an issue because either many people do not educate themselves about an issue to put an end to a problem or there’s a bunch of people who heard something and were completely mislead. According to the research the wage gap does indeed exist, however, there are many factors that come into play and none of them are of bosses paying women less for the same amount of work men do. Sources ranging from 2013-2016 show that women now earn around 82% of every dollar man makes, but according to the AAUW the wage gap is different in separate states. The fixation of the gender wage gap was stopped in the more resent years.

The Gender Wage Gap

Do men and women receive equal pay for doing the same jobs as men? The answer will vary depending on who you ask, however, according to the statistics women do make less than men annually in the United State of America, but this is not because of inequality. There are many different factors that apply into the gender wage gap: choices, children, stereotypes, time out of work, and the list goes on. According to a study done by the AAUW, many women had spent time off of work after having to care for a baby; and according to their survey, 39% of women took a large time off of work, 42% of women reduced work time, and around 27% just quit their jobs. Fathers didn’t deal with this struggle as much because men they are seen as the breadwinners of the household, therefore they decide to work more rather than physically caring for their child.

Higher paying occupations & Student loans

As stated earlier, the wage gap consists many different factors that play into itself. All of the sources used made it clear that bosses do not pay their women employees less, it’s illegal to do so. In the work force alone, employees get paid for the number of hours they worked for, how hard they’ve work, and what position they hold. According to the AAUW and the Women’s Bureau; women generally occupy lower paying jobs than men, the women who do have higher paying jobs such as software developers do get paid more, but they still remained under represented. For some reason that is left to the, speculations, the pay gap is bigger in higher occupations than in smaller ones. Women in higher occupations do earn more money, however, they do not seem to earn the same amount as their male co-workers. (As shown on the chart below)

According to the Women’s Bureau Department of Labor, that followed men and women’s choices of occupations for 30 years found that nearly half of the wage gap between men and women was primarily made up of their own choices of occupation and industry of employment.

After College and University, women tend to be not promptly pay off their student loans forcing them to pay more money and for a longer time. According to the UUAW’s chart, women are generally about 4,600 dollars more in debt then men and having only 33% of their student loans paid off opposed to men’s 44%.

Care Giving

In society, women are typically known as the natural caregivers to their own children due to old fashion gender roles. This factor does play into the gender wage gap; wither the mother nurturing her new born child/ recovering from a pregnancy or caring for an older child, she will be more likely take days off work to do so. Studies from PewResearch show that far less men sacrifice their time in the office for care giving responsibilities at home, men also tend to have less of a negative impact on their work income than women; according to their statistics from a 2016 study, women took an average of 12 weeks off while men took off an average of 1 week, in the past 2 years after a birth/ taking care of a child, 25% of mothers have claimed that the leave had affected their job negatively compared to 13% of men stating the same.

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